Matsayin Hukumar Kulawa a lokacin rikici

Baya ga mu babban labarin akan Hukumar Kulawa (anan gaba 'SB'), za mu kuma so mu mai da hankali kan rawar SB a lokacin rikici. A lokacin rikici, kiyaye ci gaban kamfanin yana da mahimmanci fiye da kowane lokaci, don haka dole ne a yi mahimman bayanai. Musamman dangane da ajiyar kamfanin da kuma abubuwan da suke so na Masu ruwa da tsaki hannu. Shin mafi girman rawar SB ya cancanta ko ma ana buƙata a wannan yanayin? Wannan yana da mahimmanci musamman a halin da ake ciki yanzu tare da COVID-19, saboda wannan rikicin yana da babban tasiri ga ci gaban kamfanin kuma wannan shine burin da yakamata hukumar da SB su tabbatar. A cikin wannan labarin, munyi bayanin yadda wannan yake aiki a lokutan rikici irin su rikicin corona na yanzu. Wannan ya hada da lokutan rikici da ke damun al'umma gabaɗaya, da ma lokuta masu mahimmancin gaske ga kamfanin kanta (misali matsalolin kuɗi da karɓar kuɗi).

Matsayin Hukumar Kulawa a lokacin rikici

Aikin doka na Hukumar Kulawa

Matsayin SB na BV da NV an shimfiɗa shi a sakin layi na 2 na labarin 2: 140/250 na DCC. Wannan tanadin ya karanta: “Matsayin kwamitin kulawa shine dubawa manufofin kwamitin gudanarwa da lamuran yau da kullun na kamfanin da kamfanin hada-hadarsa. Zai taimaka hukumar gudanarwa tare da shawara. A yayin gudanar da ayyukansu, jagorancin bukatun kamfanin da kamfanin haɗin gwiwa. ” Baya ga babban abin da daraktocin ke lura da su (amfanin kamfanin da kamfanin haɗin gwiwar sa), wannan labarin bai faɗi komai ba game da lokacin da ingantaccen kulawa ya yi daidai.

Specificarin bayani game da ingantaccen rawar SB

A cikin wallafe-wallafe da shari'ar harka, an bayyana yanayin da dole ne a bi aikin kulawa. Aikin kulawa shine yafi damuwa: aikin kwamitin gudanarwa, dabarun kamfanin, yanayin kuɗi, manufofin haɗari da yarda tare da doka. Bugu da kari, wallafe-wallafen suna ba da wasu yanayi na musamman waɗanda na iya faruwa a lokacin rikici lokacin da irin wannan kulawa da shawara za su iya ƙaruwa, misali:

  • Halin rashin kuɗi
  • Amincewa da sabon dokar rikici
  • Maimaitawa
  • Canji na (m) dabarun
  • Rashin rashi idan akwai rashin lafiya

Amma menene wannan ingantaccen kulawa ya ƙunsa? A bayyane yake cewa rawar SB dole ne ta wuce kawai tabbatar da manufofin gudanarwa bayan taron. Kulawa yana da alaƙa da shawara: lokacin da SB ke kula da dabarun dogon lokaci da tsarin siyasa na gudanarwa, ba da daɗewa ba ya ba da shawara. A wannan girmamawar, an keɓance rawar ci gaba ga SB, saboda shawara baya buƙatar bayarwa kawai lokacin da masu gudanarwa suka buƙace shi. Musamman a lokacin rikici, yana da matukar mahimmanci a tsaya akan abubuwa. Wannan na iya haɗawa da bincika ko manufofi da dabarun suna daidai da halin kuɗi na yanzu da na gaba da ƙa'idodin doka, yin nazari mai mahimmanci akan sakewa da ba da shawarwarin da suka dace. A ƙarshe, yana da mahimmanci amfani da kampanin ɗanka na ɗabi'a musamman don ganin halayen ɗan adam fiye da yanayin kuɗi da haɗari. Manufofin zamantakewar kamfanin na taka muhimmiyar rawa a nan, saboda ba kamfanin kaɗai ba har ma da kwastomomi, ma'aikata, gasa, masu samar da kayayyaki kuma wataƙila ɗaukacin al'umma rikicin zai iya shafar su.

Iyakokin ingantaccen kulawa

Dangane da abin da ke sama, ya bayyana a sarari cewa a lokacin rikici ana iya tsammanin rawar da SB ke takawa sosai. Koyaya, menene mafi ƙarancin iyaka? Yana da, bayan duka, yana da mahimmanci cewa SB ya ɗauki matakin da ya dace, amma shin akwai iyaka ga wannan? Shin SB shima zai iya sarrafa kamfanin, misali, ko kuma akwai sauran rarrabuwa na ayyuka wanda kawai hukumar gudanarwa ce ke da alhakin kula da kamfanin, kamar yadda yake a bayyane daga Dokar Farar Hula ta Dutch? Wannan ɓangaren yana ba da misalai na yadda abubuwa ya kamata da waɗanda ba za a yi su ba, dangane da ƙararraki da yawa a gaban Chamberungiyar Kasuwanci.

OGEM (ECLI: NL: HR: 1990: AC1234)

Don ba da wasu misalai na yadda SB bai kamata ya yi aiki ba, za mu fara ambata wasu misalai daga sanannun mutane OGEM harka. Wannan shari'ar ta shafi wani kamfanin fatarar kuzari da kamfanin gine-gine, inda masu hannun jarin a cikin tsarin bincike suka tambayi Kamfanin Ciniki ko akwai dalilan shakkar yadda ya dace da kamfanin. An tabbatar da wannan ta Chamberungiyar Kasuwanci:

“Dangane da wannan, priseungiyar Masana’antu ta ɗauka a matsayin tabbatacciyar gaskiyar cewa kwamitin kula, duk da sakonnin da suka isar da shi ta fuskoki daban-daban kuma wanda ya kamata ya ba da dalilin neman ƙarin bayani, ba su ci gaba da wani yunƙuri game da wannan ba kuma ba sa baki. Saboda wannan tsallakewar, a cewar Chamberungiyar Kasuwanci, tsarin yanke shawara ya sami damar faruwa a cikin Ogem, wanda ke haifar da asara mai yawa kowace shekara, wanda ƙarshe ya kai aƙalla Fl. Miliyan 200, wanda hanya ce ta rashin kulawa.

Tare da wannan ra'ayi, Cibiyar Ciniki ta bayyana gaskiyar cewa dangane da ci gaban ayyukan gine-gine a cikin Ogem, an yanke shawara da yawa a cikin abin da kwamitin kulawa na Ogem bai yi ba ko kuma bai cika aikin sa na sa ido yadda ya kamata ba, yayin da waɗannan yanke shawara, bisa la'akari da asarar da waɗannan ayyukan gine-ginen suka haifar, suna da matukar mahimmanci ga Ogem. "

Laurus (ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2003: AM1450)

Wani misali na rashin tsari da SB a lokutan rikici shine Laurus harka. Wannan shari'ar ta shafi sarkar babban kanti a cikin tsarin sake tsari ('Operation Greenland') wanda za'a yi amfani da kusan shaguna 800 a karkashin tsari daya. Kudin wannan aikin galibi na waje ne, amma ana tsammanin zai yi nasara tare da siyar da ayyukan da ba na asali ba. Koyaya, wannan bai tafi kamar yadda aka tsara ba kuma saboda bala'i daya bayan ɗaya, dole ne a siyar da kamfanin bayan fatarar kuɗi ta kama-karya. Dangane da Chamberungiyar Kasuwanci SB yakamata ya kasance mai aiki saboda aiki ne mai girma da haɗari. Misali, sun nada shugaban babban kwamitin ba tare da retail gogewa, ya kamata a tsara lokutan kulawa don aiwatar da tsarin kasuwancin kuma yakamata a sanya tsauraran kulawa saboda ba cigaba bane kawai na tsayayyar siyasa.

Eneco (ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2018: 4108)

a cikin Eneco harka, a gefe guda, akwai wani nau'i na rashin tsari. Anan, masu hannun jarin jama'a (waɗanda suka haɗu suka kafa 'kwamitin masu raba hannun jari') suna son siyar da hannun jarin su don tsammanin samun tallatawa. Akwai sabani tsakanin kwamitin masu hannun jari da SB, da tsakanin kwamitin masu hannun jari da kuma gudanarwa. SB ya yanke shawarar sasantawa tare da Kwamitin Masu Raba hannun jari ba tare da tuntubar Hukumar Gudanarwa ba, bayan haka sun cimma matsaya. A sakamakon haka, har ma ƙarin tashin hankali ya tashi tsakanin kamfanin, wannan lokacin tsakanin SB da Hukumar Gudanarwa.

A wannan halin, priseungiyar Kasuwancin ta yanke hukuncin cewa ayyukan SB sun yi nisa da ayyukan gudanarwa. Tunda alkawarin masu hannun jarin na Eneco ya bayyana cewa ya kamata a sami hadin kai tsakanin SB, da Hukumar Gudanarwa da masu hannun jari kan sayar da hannayen jarin, bai kamata a bar SB ya yanke hukunci a kan wannan batun haka da kansa ba.

Saboda haka wannan shari'ar ta nuna ɗayan ɓangaren bakan: zargi ba kawai game da wuce gona da iri ba ne amma kuma yana iya kasancewa game da ɗaukar rawar aiki (mai gudanarwa). Wanne rawar aiki ya halatta a yanayin rikici? An tattauna wannan a cikin batun mai zuwa.

Telegraaf Media Groep (ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2017: 930)

Wannan shari'ar ta shafi sayen Telegraaf Media Groep NV (nan gaba 'TMG'), sanannen kamfanin watsa labarai wanda ke mai da hankali kan labarai, wasanni da nishaɗi. Akwai 'yan takara biyu don karɓar mulkin: Talpa da ƙungiyar VPE da Mediahuis. Tsarin karɓa ya kasance sannu a hankali tare da isassun bayanai. Kwamitin ya fi mai da hankali kan Talpa, wanda ya yi hannun riga da haɓaka darajar masu hannun jari ta ƙirƙirar a daidaita filin wasa. Masu hannun jari sun koka game da wannan ga SB, wanda ya gabatar da waɗannan korafin ga Hukumar Gudanarwa.

A ƙarshe, kwamitin da shugaban SB suka kafa kwamitin dabaru don gudanar da ƙarin tattaunawa. Shugaban yana da kuri'un jefa kuri'a kuma ya yanke shawarar yin shawarwari tare da kungiyar, saboda da wuya Talpa ya zama mai hannun jari mafi rinjaye. Kwamitin ya ƙi sanya hannu kan yarjejeniyar haɗin gwiwa kuma saboda haka SB ya kore shi. Maimakon kwamitin, SB ya sanya hannu kan yarjejeniyar.

Talpa bai yarda da sakamakon kwacewar ba kuma ya tafi Cibiyar Ciniki don bincika manufofin SB. A ra'ayin OR, ayyukan SB sun yi daidai. Yana da mahimmanci musamman cewa ƙungiyar zata iya kasancewa mai hannun jari mafi rinjaye kuma saboda haka zaɓin ya kasance mai fahimta. Priseungiyar Kasuwancin ta yarda cewa SB ya rasa haƙurin gudanarwa. Kungiyar ta ki sanya hannu a kan yarjejeniyar hadewar ba ta da amfani ga kamfanin saboda rikicin da ya kunno kai a tsakanin kungiyar TMG. Saboda SB ya ci gaba da sadarwa mai kyau tare da gudanarwa, bai wuce aikin sa ba don biyan bukatun kamfanin.

Kammalawa

Bayan tattaunawar wannan batun na ƙarshe, za a iya yanke hukunci cewa ba kawai hukumar gudanarwa ba, har ma da SB na iya taka rawar gani a lokacin rikici. Kodayake babu takamaiman takaddama game da cutar COVID-19, ana iya kammala shi bisa la'akari da hukunce-hukuncen da aka ambata a sama cewa ana buƙatar SB ya taka rawar da za ta fi ƙarfin bita da zarar yanayin ya faɗi a waje da yanayin ayyukan kasuwanci na yau da kullun (OGEM & Laurus). SB na iya ɗaukar mahimmin matsayi idan bukatun kamfanin na cikin haɗari, muddin ana yin hakan cikin haɗin gwiwa tare da kwamitin gudanarwa gwargwadon iko, wanda ya biyo bayan kwatancen tsakanin Eneco da kuma TMG.

Shin kuna da wasu tambayoyi game da rawar Hukumar Kulawa a lokacin rikici? Don Allah a tuntuɓi Law & More. Lauyoyinmu suna da ƙwarewa sosai a fannin dokar kamfanoni kuma koyaushe suna shirye don taimaka muku.

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