'Yancin yin shiru a cikin batutuwan laifi

Saboda wasu manyan laifuffuka da suka taso a shekarar da ta gabata, hakkin wanda ake zargin na yin shigan magana ya sake zama a cikin tabo. Tabbas, tare da wadanda aka cutar da danginsu da aikata laifuka, haƙƙin wanda ake zargi na yin shuru yana cikin wuta, wanda ake fahimta. A shekarar da ta gabata, alal misali, tsayayyar shuru na wanda ake zargi da “kisan insulin” da yawa a cikin gidajen kula da tsofaffi ya haifar da takaici da fushi a tsakanin dangi, wadanda ba shakka sun so sanin abin da ya faru. Wanda ake tuhumar ya kasance mai kiran hakkinsa na yin shiru a gaban Kotun Lardin Rotterdam. A kwana a tashi, wannan ya fusata alƙalai, duk da haka sun ci gaba da ƙoƙarin su sa wanda ake zargin ya yi aiki.

'Yancin yin shiru a cikin batutuwan laifi

Akwai dalilai mabambanta da yasa wadanda ake zargi, galibi akan shawarar lauyoyinsu, suna neman hakkinsu na yin shuru. Misali, wannan na iya zama cikakkun dabaru ne ko dalilai na hankali, amma kuma yana faruwa wanda ake zargin yana tsoron sakamakon sakamakon yanayin laifi. Ko da menene dalilin, 'yancin yin shiru yana hannun kowane wanda ake zargi. Hakki ne na farar hula, tunda 1926 an saita shi a cikin Mataki na 29 na kundin Tsarin Laifi kuma saboda haka dole a mutunta shi. Wannan haƙƙin ya samo asali ne daga ka'idodin da cewa wanda ake tuhuma ba shi da hadin kai da abin da aka yanke masa kuma ba za a tilasta masa yin hakan ba: 'Ba a tilasta wanda ake zargi ya amsa ba. ' Saukar wahayi ga wannan shine hana azabtarwa.

Idan wanda ake tuhuma yayi amfani da wannan haƙƙin, yana iya hana hakan furucin sa azaman mai rikon amana ne, alal misali saboda ya karkata daga abin da wasu suka bayyana ko daga abin da aka haɗa cikin fayil ɗin shari'ar. Idan wanda ake zargi ya yi shuru a farkon kuma bayanansa daga baya sun daidaita a cikin sauran bayanan da fayil ɗin, yana ƙara damar da alkalin zai yarda da shi. Yin amfani da 'yancin yin shiru na iya zama kyakkyawan dabara idan wanda ake zargi ya kasa bayar da amsar da za a iya bayarwa ga tambayoyi daga, misali,' yan sanda. Bayan haka, ana iya samun sanarwa a ko da yaushe a gaban kotu.

Koyaya, wannan dabarar ba tare da haɗari ba. Wanda ake zargi yakamata ya san da hakan. Idan an kama wanda ake zargi kuma aka tsare shi a gaban kuliya, roko ga 'yancin yin shiru na iya zama cewa' yan sanda da hukumomin shari'a sun tabbatar da cewa an ci gaba da bincike kan wanda ake zargin. Saboda haka mai yiwuwa wanda ake tuhuma ya iya kasancewa a tsare a cikin shari'ar tsawon lokaci saboda ajiyar sa kamar yadda idan ya yi sanarwa. Bayan haka, yana iya yiwuwa bayan watsi da karar ko kuma sakin wanda ake zargin, ba za a ba wanda ake zargi diyya ba idan yana da alhakin laifin ci gaba da tsare mutum. An riga an ƙi irin wannan da'awa na lalacewa a waccan ƙasa sau da yawa.

Da zarar kotu, shiru ba tare da lahani ga wanda ake zargi ba. Bayan wannan, alkali na iya yin shuru a cikin hukuncin idan wanda ake tuhuma bai gabatar da wani abin bude baki ba, a cikin bayanin sharia da hukuncin. A cewar Kotun Koli ta Holland, shuru na wanda ake zargin na iya taimakawa wajen yanke hukuncin idan har akwai isassun hujjoji kuma wanda ake zargin bai bayar da wani karin bayani ba. Bayan duk wannan, alkalin zai fahimci kuma alkalin ya yi bayanin mai kamar haka: “Wanda ake zargin ya kasance mai shiru game da shigar sa hannu (…) don haka bai dauki alhakin abin da ya aikata ba. ” A cikin abin da hukuncin ya kunsa, ana iya tuhumar wanda ake zargi da laifin da bai yi nadama ba ko kuwa ya yi nadamar ayyukansa. Ko alƙalai sun yi amfani da ikon haƙƙin sauraron wanda ake zargi ya yi la’akari da hukuncin, ya danganta ne da ƙididdigar alƙalin da alƙalin ya yanke kuma saboda haka yana iya bambanta ga kowane alkali

Yin amfani da 'yancin yin shiru na iya samun fa'ida ga wanda ake zargi, amma hakan ba lallai bane illa haɗari. Gaskiya ne cewa hakkin wanda ake zargi na yin shiru dole ne a mutunta shi. Kodayake, idan ya zo batun gabatar da kara, alƙalai suna ƙara yin la'akari da shuru na waɗanda ake zargi don rashin dacewar su. Bayan duk wannan, hakkin wanda ake zargin na yin shuru shine a aikace a kai a kai tare da karuwar rawar da ake takawa a gaban shari’a da mahimmancin wadanda abin ya shafa, wadanda suka tsira daga dangi ko kuma al’umma tare da amsoshin tambayoyin.

Ko yana da hikima a shari'arka ka yi amfani da 'yancin yin shiru yayin sauraron' yan sanda ko kuma lokacin da ake sauraron ya dogara da yanayin shari'ar. Saboda haka yana da mahimmanci a tuntuɓi lauyan mai laifi kafin yanke shawara game da haƙƙin yin shiru. Law & More lauyoyi sun kware a dokar laifi kuma suna farin cikin bayar da shawara da / ko taimako. Shin wanda aka azabtar dashi ko dangi mai raye kuma kuna da tambayoyi game da haƙƙin yin shuru? Koda hakane Law & MoreLauyoyin lauyoyi suna shirye a gare ku.

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