Amincewa da aiwatar da hukuncin kasashen waje a cikin Netherlands

Za a iya gane hukuncin da aka yanke a ƙasashen waje da/ko aiwatar da shi a Netherlands? Wannan ita ce tambayar da ake yawan yi a aikace na shari'a wanda ke hulɗa da ƙungiyoyin duniya da jayayya akai -akai. Amsar wannan tambaya ba shakka. Koyarwar ganewa da aiwatar da hukunce -hukuncen ƙasashen waje abu ne mai rikitarwa saboda dokoki da ƙa'idodi daban -daban. Wannan shafin yanar gizon yana ba da taƙaitaccen bayani game da dokoki da ƙa'idodi masu dacewa a cikin mahallin amincewa don aiwatar da hukuncin ƙasashen waje a cikin Netherlands. A kan haka, za a amsa tambayar da ke sama a cikin wannan blog ɗin.

Amincewa da aiwatar da hukuncin kasashen waje a cikin Netherlands

Idan ya zo ga amincewa da aiwatar da hukunce -hukuncen ƙasashen waje, Mataki na ashirin da 431 na Kundin Tsarin Mulki (DCCP) yana tsakiyar Netherlands. Wannan ya kunshi abubuwa masu zuwa:

'1. Dangane da tanade-tanaden Labarai na 985-994, ba za a iya aiwatar da hukuncin da kotunan kasashen waje suka bayar ko ingantattun kayan aikin da aka zana a wajen Netherlands.

2. Za a iya sauraren karar kuma a sake yanke hukunci a kotun Holland. '

Mataki na ashirin da 431 sakin layi na 1 DCCP - aiwatar da hukunci na kasashen waje

Farkon sakin layi na fasaha. 431 DCCP tana hulɗa da aiwatar da hukunce -hukuncen ƙasashen waje kuma a bayyane yake: ƙa'idar asali ita ce ba za a iya aiwatar da hukuncin ƙasashen waje a cikin Netherlands ba. Koyaya, sakin layi na farko na labarin da aka ambata yana ci gaba kuma yana ba da cewa akwai kuma banda ga ƙa'idar asali, wato a cikin shari'o'in da aka bayar a cikin Labaran 985-994 DCCP.

Labarai na 985-994 DCCP sun ƙunshi ƙa'idodi na gaba ɗaya don aiwatar da aiwatar da taken da aka aiwatar a Jihohin Ƙasashen waje. Waɗannan ƙa'idodi na gaba ɗaya, waɗanda aka fi sani da hanyar exequatur, ana amfani da su daidai da Mataki na ashirin da 985 (1) DCCP kawai idan 'yanke hukuncin da kotun wata ƙasa ta bayar za a iya aiwatar da shi a cikin Netherlands ta hanyar yarjejeniya ko ta hanyar doka '.

A matakin Turai (EU), alal misali, waɗannan ƙa'idodi masu dacewa suna wanzu a cikin wannan mahallin:

  • Dokar EEX akan Ƙungiyoyin Ƙasashen Duniya da Kasuwanci
  • Dokar Ibis akan Saki na Duniya da Nauyin Iyaye
  • Dokar Alimony akan Kula da Yara da Mata na Duniya
  • Dokar Dokar Kaya ta Matrimonial akan Dokar Kaya ta Matasa ta Duniya
  • Dokar Kawance kan Dokar Kayayyakin Kawancen Ƙasa
  • Dokokin Gado akan Dokar maye gurbin kasa da kasa

Idan ana zartar da hukunci na ƙasashen waje a cikin Netherlands ta hanyar doka ko yarjejeniya, to wannan shawarar ba ta zama doka mai aiwatarwa ta atomatik ba, don a iya aiwatar da ita. Don haka, dole ne a fara buƙatar kotun Dutch don ba da izinin izinin aiwatarwa wanda aka bayyana a cikin Mataki na ashirin da 985 DCCP. Hakan ba yana nufin za a sake duba shari’ar ba. Wannan ba haka bane, a cewar labarin 985 Rv. Akwai, duk da haka, ƙa'idodi a kan abin da kotu ke tantance ko za a ba da izini ko a'a. An kayyade ainihin ma'aunin a cikin doka ko yarjejeniya akan abin da ake aiwatar da hukuncin.

Mataki na ashirin da 431 sakin layi na 2 DCCP - amincewa da hukuncin wani waje

Idan babu wata yarjejeniya mai ƙarfi tsakanin Netherlands da ƙasar waje, hukuncin ƙasashen waje bisa fasaha. 431 sakin layi na 1 DCCP a cikin Netherlands bai cancanci aiwatarwa ba. Misalin wannan shine hukuncin Rasha. Bayan haka, babu wata yarjejeniya tsakanin Masarautar Netherlands da Tarayyar Rasha da ke daidaita fahimtar juna da aiwatar da hukunci a cikin al'amuran farar hula da na kasuwanci.

Idan wata ƙungiya tana son aiwatar da hukuncin ƙasashen waje wanda ba a aiwatar da shi ta hanyar yarjejeniya ko doka, Mataki na 431 sakin layi na 2 DCCP yana ba da madadin. Sashe na biyu na Mataki na ashirin da 431 DCCP ya ba da damar cewa wani ɓangare, wanda amfanin hukuncinsa ya bayyana a cikin hukuncin ƙasashen waje, na iya sake gabatar da ƙarar a gaban kotun Dutch, don samun irin wannan shawarar da za a iya aiwatarwa. Kasancewar wata kotun waje ta riga ta yanke hukunci kan wannan takaddamar ba ta hana a sake kawo takaddamar a gaban kotun Holland.

A cikin waɗannan sabbin shari'o'in bisa ga Mataki na ashirin da 431, sakin layi na 2 na DCCP, kotun Dutch za ta 'tantance a cikin kowane shari'ar ko kuma gwargwadon ikon da ya kamata a danganta ga hukuncin ƙasashen waje' (HR 14 Nuwamba 1924, NJ 1925, Bontmantel). Babban ƙa'idar anan shine cewa ana sanin hukuncin ƙasashen waje (wanda ya sami ƙarfin res judicata) a cikin Netherlands idan an haɓaka mafi ƙarancin buƙatu masu zuwa a cikin hukuncin Kotun Koli na 26 Satumba 2014 (ECLI: NL: HR: 2014: 2838, Gazprombank) an kammala:

  1. Ikon kotun da ya yanke hukuncin ƙasashen waje ya ta'allaka ne a kan ikon da gabaɗaya ya yarda da ƙa'idodin ƙasashen duniya;
  2. an yanke hukuncin kasashen waje a cikin tsarin shari'a wanda ya cika sharuddan aiwatar da doka da isassun garanti;
  3. amincewa da hukuncin kasashen waje bai sabawa tsarin mulkin Dutch ba;
  4. babu wata tambaya game da yanayin da hukuncin ƙasashen waje bai dace da hukuncin kotun Holland da aka bayar tsakanin ɓangarorin ba, ko tare da hukuncin baya na wata kotun waje da aka bayar tsakanin ɓangarorin guda ɗaya a cikin takaddama game da batun ɗaya kuma an kafa ta akan dalili daya.

Idan an cika sharuɗɗan da aka ambata, ba za a iya ɗaukar nauyin shari'ar ba kuma kotun Dutch za ta iya wadatar da hukuncin wani ɓangare na abin da aka riga aka yanke masa hukunci a cikin hukuncin ƙasashen waje. Lura cewa a cikin wannan tsarin, wanda aka haɓaka a cikin shari'ar shari'ar, ba a ayyana hukuncin ƙasashen waje 'mai aiwatarwa' ba, amma ana ba da sabon hukunci a cikin hukuncin Dutch wanda yayi daidai da yanke hukunci a cikin hukuncin ƙasashen waje.

Idan sharuɗɗa a) zuwa d) ba a cika su ba, har yanzu kotun za ta yi maganin abubuwan da ke cikin shari'ar sosai. Ko kuma, idan haka ne, menene ƙimar bayyananniya da ya kamata a sanya wa hukuncin ƙasashen waje (wanda bai cancanci ganewa ba) ya rage ga mai hukunci. Ya bayyana daga shari'ar shari'ar cewa idan aka zo ga yanayin zaman lafiyar jama'a, kotun Holland ta dora ƙima ga ƙa'idar haƙƙin sauraro. Wannan yana nufin cewa idan an yanke hukunci daga ƙasashen waje wanda ya saɓa wa wannan ƙa'idar, tabbas amincewa da shi ya sabawa manufofin jama'a.

Shin kuna cikin takaddamar shari'ar ƙasa da ƙasa, kuma kuna son a gane ko aiwatar da hukuncin ku na ƙasashen waje a cikin Netherlands? Da fatan za a tuntuɓi Law & More. a Law & More, mun fahimci cewa rigingimun shari’a na duniya suna da sarkakiya kuma suna iya haifar da sakamako mai yawa ga ɓangarorin. Shi yasa Law & MoreLauyoyin suna amfani da hanyar sirri, amma isasshen hanya. Tare da ku, suna nazarin yanayin ku kuma suna tsara matakai na gaba da za a ɗauka. Idan ya cancanta, lauyoyin mu, waɗanda ƙwararru ne a fagen dokar ƙasa da ƙasa, suma suna farin cikin taimaka muku a cikin kowane fitarwa ko aiwatar da doka.

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