Rightsira da adana hotuna

Daya daga cikin batutuwan da aka tattauna a gasar cin kofin duniya na 2014. Robin van Persie wanda ya daidaita maki da Spain a bugun kallo mai kyau tare da kyakkyawan taken. Kyakkyawan wasan kwaikwayonsa ya haifar da tallan Calvé ta hanyar fasikanci da kasuwanci. Kasuwancin yana ba da labarin wani ɗan shekaru 5 Robin van Persie wanda ya sami kudin shiga a Excelsior tare da irin wannan fitowar ruwa. Tabbas an biya Robin din don kasuwanci, amma shin wannan ikon haƙƙin haƙƙin mallaka ana iya daidaita shi kuma za'a iya canza shi ba tare da izinin Persie ba?

definition

Dama hoton wani bangare ne na hakkin mallaka. Dokar 'yancin mallaka ta raba yanayi biyu don' yancin hoto, watau hoton hoton da aka yi akan aiki da hoton da ba a yi shi kan aikin ba. Tsakanin yanayi biyun akwai babban banbanci a sakamakon bugawa da haƙƙin ɓangarorin da abin ya shafa.

Rightsira da adana hotuna

Yaushe za muyi maganar hoto daidai? Kafin amsar tambaya menene hoto daidai kuma yaya wannan haƙƙin ya isa, tambayar menene hoto tun farko, ya kamata a amsa da farko. Abubuwan da aka yi bayanin dokar ba su ba da cikakkiyar bayyani ba. Kamar yadda aka bayar bayanin hoto: 'surar fuskar mutum, tare da ko ba tare da wasu sassan jikin mutum ba, ta kowace hanya ake sanya shi'.

Idan kawai zamu kalli wannan bayanin, zamu iya tunanin hoto kawai ya hada fuskar mutum. Koyaya, wannan ba shine batun ba. Ba zato ba tsammani, ƙari: 'ta kowace hanya aka sanya ta' yana nufin cewa ba matsala ga hoton hoto ko an zana shi, ko aka zanen shi ko kuma aka tsara shi ta wata hanyar. Watsa shirye-shiryen talabijin ko caricature don haka suma zasu iya faduwa ta hanyar hoto. Wannan ya bayyana a sarari, cewa ikon yin amfani da kalmar 'hoto' tana da fadi-wuri. Hoton ya hada da bidiyo, hoto ko wakilcin hoto. An gudanar da kararraki daban daban dangane da wannan lamari kuma Kotun Koli ta ba da cikakken bayani game da wannan dalla-dalla, wato ana amfani da kalmar 'hoton' lokacin da aka nuna mutum ta hanyar da za a iya fahimta. Ana iya samun wannan fitowar a cikin fasalin fuskoki da fuska, amma kuma ana iya samun ta a wani abu daban. Tunani, alal misali, halin halayya ko salon gyara gashi. Kewayen zasu iya taka rawa. Mutumin da yake tafiya a gaban ginin inda mutumin yake aiki zai fi yiwuwa a gane shi fiye da lokacin da aka nuna hoton wannan mutumin a inda zai saba.

Hakkokin doka

Za a iya cin zarafin hoton daidai idan mutumin da aka nuna shi za a iya sanin shi a hoto sannan kuma an buga shi. Dole ne a tantance ko an ba da hoton hoton ko a'a kuma ko sirrin ya mamaye 'yancin faɗar albarkacin baki. Idan mutum ya zartar da hoton mutum, za a iya nuna hoton a bainar jama'a idan wanda aka tambaya ya bayar da izini. Yayin da haƙƙin mallakin aikin ya ƙunshi kerar hoton, ba zai iya bayyana shi ba jama'a ba tare da izini ba. Sauran gefen tsabar kudin shi ne cewa mutumin da aka zana shi kuma ba a ba shi damar yin komai tare da hoton ko dai ba. Tabbas, mutumin da aka zana zai iya amfani da hoton don dalilai masu zaman kansu. Idan mutumin da aka zana yana son sanya hoton a bainar jama'a, dole ne ya sami izini daga mahaliccinsa. Bayan haka, mahalicci yana da haƙƙin mallaka.

Kusa da Sashe na 21 na Dokar Hakkin Mallaka, mahaliccin yana cikin ka'idar da zata iya buga hoton ta kyauta. Koyaya, wannan ba madaidaici bane. Anyi wa mutumin da aka zartar yana iya yin adawa da littafin, idan kuma har ya kai ga yana da sha'awar yin hakan. Ana kiran 'yancin sirrin sau da yawa a matsayin m amfani. Sanannun mutane kamar 'yan wasa da masu zane-zane na iya, ban da sha'awa mai kyau, suma suna da sha'awar kasuwanci don hana bugawa. Baya ga sha'awar kasuwanci, duk da haka, shahararren ƙila na iya samun wata sha'awa. Bayan haka, akwai damar cewa ya / ta za ta cutar da sunanta / ta saboda littafin. Tunda manufar "kyakkyawar riba" mai ma'ana ce a ciki kuma gaba daya bangarorin sun ki yarda akan sha'awa, zaku iya ganin ana aiwatar da kararraki da yawa game da wannan akidar. Daga nan ya hau kotu don yanke hukunci ko sha'awar mutumin da aka nuna ya rinjaye shi akan sha'awar mai yin da kuma buga littafin.

Abubuwan da ke ƙasa suna da mahimmanci ga hoton hannun dama:

  • m amfani
  • kasuwanci amfani

Idan muka kalli misalin Robin van Persie, a bayyane yake cewa yana da cikakkiyar ma'ana da kuma sha'awar kasuwanci saboda babban sunarsa. Kotun ta yanke hukunci cewa ana iya ganin sha'awar kudi da ta kasuwanci a matsayin riba mai ma'ana a cikin ma'anar Sashe na 21 na Dokokin Hakkin mallaka. Sakamakon wannan labarin, ba a ba da izinin buga hoto ko ƙirƙirar hoto ba tare da izinin mutumin da aka nuna a cikin hoton ba, idan an nuna gaskiyar wannan mutumin an bayyana shi. Babban mai wasan na iya cajin kuɗi don izinin amfani da hotonta don dalilai na kasuwanci. Ta wannan hanyar kuma zai iya yin amfani da kwatankwacin shahararsa, wannan na iya ɗaukar nau'in kwangilar tallafawa, alal misali. Amma yaya game da kwallon kafa na amateur idan ba'a san ku sosai? A wasu halaye, hoton ɗan wasan yana dacewa da manyan 'yan wasa masu son wasan. A cikin kamfanin Vanderlyde / kamfanin wallafa waƙa na Spaarnestad hukuncin ɗan wasa mai son yin adawa ya buga hotonsa a cikin wata mujallar mako. Hoton da aka yi ba tare da kwamishina ba kuma bai ba da izini ba ko karɓar rarar kuɗi don bugawar. Kotun ta yi la’akari da cewa dan wasa mai son siye kuma yana da damar samun kudi ta hanyar shahararsa idan shaharar ta zama darajar kasuwa.

Zalunci

Idan abubuwan sha'awar ku sun ketare, zaku iya buƙatar dakatarwa akan bugawa, amma kuma yana yiwuwa cewa an riga an yi amfani da hoton ku. A irin wannan yanayi kuna iya ɗaukar diyya. Wannan diyya gabaɗaya ba ta da girma sosai amma ya dogara da dalilai da yawa. Akwai zaɓuɓɓuka huɗu don ɗaukar mataki a kan keta haƙƙin hoto:

  • Harafin sammaci tare da bayyana kauracewar
  • Sanarwa game da shari'ar jama'a
  • Haramcin bugawa
  • diyya

Hukunci

Duk lokacin da ya bayyana cewa ana keta allon hoton wani, yana da muhimmanci a samu haramcin kara wasu takardu a kotu da wuri-wuri. Dangane da halin da ake ciki, yana yiwuwa kuma a cire littattafan daga kasuwar kasuwanci. Wannan ana kiransa da tunawa. Wannan hanyar ana amfani dashi tare da fatawa don lahani. Bayan haka, ta hanyar yin akasin abin da ya dace da hoton mutum, mutumin da aka zana yana iya samun lahani. Yaya girman diyya ya dogara da lalacewar da aka sha, amma kuma akan hoton mutum da kuma yadda ake nuna hoton mutumin. Hakanan akwai kuɗi a ƙarƙashin Mataki na 35 na dokar haƙƙin mallaka. Idan aka keta hakkin hoton, wanda ya aikata hoton hoton yana da laifi sai an ci tarar.

Idan aka tauye hakkinku, kuna iya samun lahani. Kuna iya yin wannan idan an riga an buga hotonku kuma kun yi imani cewa an keta bukatunku.

Kotun za ta tantance adadin diyyar. Sanannun misalai guda biyu sune “Hoton 'yan ta’adda na Schiphol” wanda militaryan sandan soja suka zaɓi wani mutum da ke da halayen musulmi don bincike na tsaro tare da rubutu a ƙarƙashin hoton "Shin Schiphol har yanzu bashi da lafiya?" kuma hoton wani mutum da yake kan hanyarsa ta zuwa jirgin kasan an dauke shi hoto yana yawo a gundumar Red Light wanda ke karewa a cikin jaridar a karkashin taken “Mai da karuwanci”.

A duka wadannan maganganun an yanke hukunci cewa sirrin ya fi karfin 'yancin fadar mai daukar hoto. Wannan yana nufin cewa ba za ku iya buga kowane hoto da kuka ɗauka akan titi ba. Yawancin lokaci waɗannan nau'ikan kudade ne tsakanin Tarayyar Turai 1500 zuwa 2500.

Idan, ban da riba mai ma'ana, akwai kuma ribar kasuwanci, rama zai iya zama mafi girma. Sakamakon aikin ya dogara ne akan abin da ya zama darajan a ayyukan da aka ba su don haka adadin zai kai dubun dubatan Yuro.

lamba

La'akari da yiwuwar sanya takunkumi, yana da kyau mutum yayi aiki da hankali yayin buga hotunan hotuna da kuma kokarin gwargwadon damar da izinin izini kafin batun. Bayan duk wannan, wannan ya hana tattaunawa da yawa bayan haka.

Idan kana son karin bayani game da batun haƙƙin hoto ko kuma zaka iya amfani da wasu hotuna ba tare da izini ba, ko kuma ka yarda cewa wani yana cin zarafin hoton ka, zaka iya tuntuɓar lauyoyin Law & More.

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