Dan yatsa mai take hakkin GDPR

A wannan zamani da muke rayuwa a yau, ya zama ruwan dare gama amfani da yatsun hannu a matsayin hanyar ganewa, misali: buɗe babbar waya tare da sikirin yatsa. Amma abin da game da tsare sirri yayin da ta daina faruwa a cikin wani sirri game inda akwai hankali da yardar rai? Shin ana iya gano alamun yatsa mai aiki a cikin halin tsaro? Shin wata ƙungiya zata iya wajabta wa ma'aikatanta damar saka hannu a yatsunsu, misali don samun damar tsarin tsaro? Kuma ta yaya irin wannan takalifi yake da alaƙa da dokokin sirri?

Dan yatsa mai take hakkin GDPR

Yatsun yatsu azaman bayanan sirri na musamman

Tambayar da yakamata mu tambayi kanmu anan, shine, bincika yatsan yatsa kamar bayanan sirri tsakanin ma'anar Dokar Kariyar Kayan bayanai. Dan yatsa wani bayanan sirri ne wanda ke sakamakon takamaiman aikin fasaha na yanayin mutum, ilimin halin mutum ko halayyar mutum. [1] Za'a iya la'akari da bayanan biometric azaman bayanin da ya danganci mutum na halitta, saboda suna data wanda, ta yanayin su, suna ba da bayani akan wani mutum. Ta hanyar bayanan kwayar halitta kamar yatsa, ana iya gano mutumin kuma ana iya rarrabe shi da wani daban. A cikin Mataki na ashirin da 4 GDPR wannan an tabbatar dashi sosai ta hanyar ma'anar bayanai. [2]

Gano alamar yatsa wani take hakkin sirri?

Kotun doli na sterasar Amsterdam kwanan nan ta yanke hukunci game da izinin yin binciken yatsa a matsayin tsarin tantancewa dangane da matakan kiyaye lafiya.

Sarkar kantin sayar da takalmin Manfield ta yi amfani da tsarin bayar da izinin sifar yatsan, wanda ya baiwa ma'aikata damar yin rijistar kuɗi.

A cewar Manfield, amfanin tantance yatsa ita ce kawai hanyar da za a sami dama ga tsarin yin rijistar kuɗi. Ya zama dole, a tsakanin sauran abubuwa, don kare bayanan kudaden ma'aikata da bayanan sirri. Sauran hanyoyin ba su cancanta ba kuma mai iya cutar yaudara. Daya daga cikin ma’aikatan kungiyar ta yi adawa da amfani da yatsan sa. Ta dauki wannan hanyar izini a matsayin cin zarafin sirrinta, tana nufin nassi na 9 na GDPR. Dangane da wannan labarin, an haramta sarrafa bayanai na abubuwan da ake amfani da shi don dalilai na musamman da keɓaɓɓen ganewar mutum.

Dole ne

Wannan haramcin baya aiki inda aiki ya zama dole don tabbatarwa ko dalilan tsaro. Sha'awar kasuwancin Manfield shine don hana asarar kudaden shiga saboda ma'aikatan yaudara. Kotun Karamar Hukumar ta ki amincewa da daukaka karar da mai aikin ya yi. Sha'awar kasuwancin Manfield ba ta sanya tsarin 'dole don tabbatarwa ko dalilan tsaro ba', kamar yadda yake a cikin Sashe na 29 na Dokar Aiwatar da GDPR. Tabbas, Manfield yana da 'yanci yin aiki da yaudara, amma wannan bazai yuwu ba cikin keta tanadin GDPR. Bugu da ƙari kuma, mai ba da aikin bai ba kamfaninsa wata hanyar tsaro ba. An gudanar da isasshen bincike cikin wasu hanyoyin izini; yi tunanin amfani da hanyar wucewa ko lambar lamba, ko haɗuwa duka. Maigidan bai yi la'akari da fa'idodi da rashin fa'idodi da nau'ikan tsarin tsaro da yawa ba kuma ba zai iya wadatar da dalilin da ya sa ya zaɓi takamaiman tsarin binciken yatsa ba. Mafi mahimmanci saboda wannan dalili, mai ba da aikin ba shi da izinin doka don buƙatar yin amfani da tsarin ba da izini na yatsan yatsa akan ma'aikatansa bisa Dokar Aiwatar da GDPR.

Idan kuna sha'awar gabatar da sabon tsarin tsaro, to lallai ne a bincika ko an yarda da irin wannan tsarin a karkashin GDPR da Dokar Aiwatarwa. Idan akwai wasu tambayoyi, tuntuɓi lauyoyi a Law & More. Zamu amsa tambayoyinku kuma muna samar muku da taimakon doka da kuma bayani.

[1] https://autoriteitpersoonsgegevens.nl/nl/onderwerpen/identificatie/biometrie

[2] ECLI: NL: RBAMS: 2019: 6005

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