Dan yatsa mai take hakkin GDPR

A wannan zamani da muke rayuwa a yau, ya zama ruwan dare gama amfani da yatsun hannu a matsayin hanyar ganewa, misali: buɗe babbar waya tare da sikirin yatsa. Amma abin da game da tsare sirri yayin da ta daina faruwa a cikin wani sirri game inda akwai hankali da yardar rai? Shin ana iya gano alamun yatsa mai aiki a cikin halin tsaro? Shin wata ƙungiya zata iya wajabta wa ma'aikatanta damar saka hannu a yatsunsu, misali don samun damar tsarin tsaro? Kuma ta yaya irin wannan takalifi yake da alaƙa da dokokin sirri?

Dan yatsa mai take hakkin GDPR

Yatsun yatsu azaman bayanan sirri na musamman

Tambayar da yakamata mu tambayi kanmu anan, shine, bincika yatsan yatsa kamar bayanan sirri a cikin ma'anar Dokar Kare Tsarin Data. Yankin yatsa shine bayanan sirri na rayuwa wanda sakamakon sakamakon takamaiman aikin fasaha ne na mutum, ilimin dabi'a ko halayen mutum.[1] Ana iya la'akari da bayanan biometric azaman bayanin da ya danganci mutum na zahiri, saboda suna data wanda, ta yanayin su, suna ba da bayani akan wani mutum. Ta hanyar bayanan kwayar halitta kamar yatsa, ana iya gano mutumin kuma ana iya rarrabe shi da wani daban. A cikin Mataki na ashirin da 4 GDPR wannan an tabbatar dashi sosai ta hanyar ma'anar fasali.[2]

Gano alamar yatsa wani take hakkin sirri?

Kotun doli na sterasar Amsterdam kwanan nan ta yanke hukunci game da izinin yin binciken yatsa a matsayin tsarin tantancewa dangane da matakan kiyaye lafiya.

Sarkar kantin sayar da takalmin Manfield ta yi amfani da tsarin bayar da izinin sifar yatsan, wanda ya baiwa ma'aikata damar yin rijistar kuɗi.

A cewar Manfield, amfanin tantance yatsa ita ce kawai hanyar da za a sami dama ga tsarin yin rijistar kuɗi. Ya zama dole, a tsakanin sauran abubuwa, don kare bayanan kudaden ma'aikata da bayanan sirri. Sauran hanyoyin ba su cancanta kuma za su iya fuskantar yaudarar ba. Daya daga cikin ma’aikatan kungiyar ta yi adawa da amfani da yatsan sa. Ta dauki wannan hanyar izini a matsayin cin zarafin sirrinta, tana nufin nassi na 9 na GDPR. Dangane da wannan labarin, an haramta sarrafa bayanai na abubuwan da ake amfani da shi don dalilai na musamman da ke tsakanin mutum.

Dole ne

Wannan haramcin ba ya amfani inda aiki ya zama dole don tabbatarwa ko dalilai na tsaro. Sha'awar kasuwancin Manfield shine hana hana asarar kudaden shiga saboda ma'aikatan zamba. Kotun Kotun ta yi watsi da karar da ma’aikata suka shigar. Abubuwan kasuwancin Manfield basu sanya tsarin 'zama dole don tabbatuwa ko dalilai na tsaro ba', kamar yadda aka ayyana a sashe na 29 na Dokar Aiwatar da GDPR. Tabbas, Manfield yana da 'yanci don yin yaƙi da zamba, amma ba za a yi wannan ta sabawa tanadin da GDPR ya yi. Bugu da kari, ma'aikaci bai samar wa kamfanin sa wani tsari na tsaro ba. Suarancin bincike da aka gudanar da shi zuwa wasu hanyoyin bayar da izini; yi tunanin amfani da wata hanyar wucewa ko lambar lambobi, ko dai a hade ko a'a. Ma'aikaciyar ba ta auna fa'idodi da rashin amfani da tsarin tsaro daban-daban ba kuma ba zai iya ɗorawa dalilin da ya sa ya zaɓi wani tsarin sikirin yatsa ba. Ainihin saboda wannan dalili, ma'aikaci bai da ikon da doka ta buƙaci yin amfani da tsarin ba da izinin yin amfani da yatsan sawun yatsa a cikin ma'aikatan sa bisa ga Dokar Aiwatar da GDPR.

Idan kuna sha'awar gabatar da sabon tsarin tsaro, to lallai ne a bincika ko an yarda da irin wannan tsarin a karkashin GDPR da Dokar Aiwatarwa. Idan akwai wasu tambayoyi, tuntuɓi lauyoyi a Law & More. Zamu amsa tambayoyinku kuma muna samar muku da taimakon doka da kuma bayani.

[1] https://autoriteitpersoonsgegevens.nl/nl/onderwerpen/identificatie/biometrie

[2] ECLI: NL: RBAMS: 2019: 6005

Share