Adresoshin imel da ikon GDPR. Babban Dokokin Kariyar Bayanai

A ranar 25th daga Mayu, Babban Dokokin Kare Dokar Bayar da Bayanai (GDPR) zai fara aiki. Tare da kafaffen GDPR, kare bayanan sirri yana da mahimmanci. Kamfanoni dole ne yin la'akari da ƙarin dokoki masu tsauri dangane da kariyar bayanai. Koyaya, tambayoyi daban-daban suna tasowa sakamakon saka GDPR ɗin. Ga kamfanoni, zai iya zama sananne wane irin bayanan ake la'akari da shi na sirri ne kuma ya faɗi ƙasa da ƙimar GDPR. Wannan lamari ne da adiresoshin imel: ana la'akari da adreshin imel da bayanan sirri ne? Shin kamfanonin da ke amfani da adiresoshin imel suna ƙarƙashin GDPR? Za a amsa waɗannan tambayoyin a wannan labarin.

Bayanan mutum

Don amsa tambaya ko ana la'akari da adireshin imel ko bayanan sirri, bayanan kalmar sirri suna buƙatar bayyana. An yi bayanin wannan kalmar a cikin GDPR. Dangane da labarin 4 a cikin GDPR, bayanan sirri yana nufin duk wani bayani da ya shafi mutum wanda aka sani ko gano shi. Mutumin da ake gane shi na asali mutum ne wanda za'a iya gane shi, kai tsaye ko a kaikaice, musamman dangane da mai ganowa kamar suna, lambar tantancewa, bayanan wurin ko kuma gano mai kan layi. Bayanai na mutum yana nufin mutane na halitta. Don haka, bayani game da mutanen da suka mutu ko mahaɗan doka ba a ɗaukarsu bayanan sirri bane.

Adresoshin imel da ikon GDPR

Adireshin i-mel

Now that the definition of personal data is determined, it needs to be assed if an email address is considered to be personal data. Dutch case law indicates that email addresses could possibly be personal data, but that this is not always the case. It depends whether or not a natural person is identified or identifiable based on the email address.[1] The way persons have structured their email addresses has to be taken into account in order to determine whether the email address can be seen as personal data or not. A lot of natural persons structure their email address in such a way that the address has to be considered personal data. This is for example the case when an email address is structured in the following way: firstname.lastname@gmail.com. This email address exposes the first and last name of the natural person that uses the address. Therefore, this person can be identified based on this email address. Email addresses that are used for business activities could also contain personal data. This is the case when an e-mail address is structured in the following way: initials.lastname@nameofcompany.com. From this email address can be derived what the initials of the person using the email address are, what his last name is and where this person works. Therefore, the person using this email address is identifiable based on the email address.

An email address is not considered to be personal data when no natural person can be identified from it. This is the case when for example the following email address is used: puppy12@hotmail.com. This email address does not contain any data from which a natural person can be identified. General email addresses that are used by companies, like info@nameofcompany.com, are also not considered to be personal data. This email address does not contain any personal information from which a natural person can be identified. Moreover, the email address is not used by a natural person, but by a legal entity. Therefore, it is not considered to be personal data. From Dutch case law can be concluded that email addresses can be personal data, but this is not always the case; it depends of the structure of the email address.

Akwai babbar dama cewa za a iya gano mutane na halitta ta adireshin imel da suke amfani da shi, wanda ke sanya adiresoshin imel bayanan sirri. Domin a rarraba adireshin imel kamar bayanan sirri, ba matsala idan kamfanin a zahiri ya yi amfani da adiresoshin imel don gano masu amfani. Ko da kamfanin bai yi amfani da adiresoshin imel ba tare da manufar tantance mutane na halitta, adiresoshin imel ɗin da za a iya gano asalin mutane za su kasance bayanan sirri ne. Ba kowane haɗin fasaha ko daidaituwa tsakanin mutum da bayanai ya isa ba don sanya bayanan a matsayin bayanan sirri. Duk da haka, idan akwai yiwuwar cewa za a iya amfani da adiresoshin imel don gano masu amfani, misali don gano lokuta na zamba, ana ɗaukar adiresoshin imel ɗin bayanan sirri ne. A cikin wannan, ba matsala ko kamfanin da aka yi niyyar amfani da adiresoshin imel ɗin don wannan dalilin. Doka ta yi magana game da bayanan sirri lokacin da akwai yiwuwar za a iya amfani da bayanan don wata manufa da ke nuna mutumin halitta. [2]

Bayanan sirri na musamman

Duk da yake ana la'akari da adiresoshin imel ɗin bayanan sirri ne yawancin lokaci, ba bayanan sirri bane na musamman. Bayanan sirri na musamman shine bayanan sirri wanda ke bayyana launin fata ko asalin kabilanci, ra'ayoyin siyasa, imani na addini ko falsafa ko kasancewa memba na kasuwanci, da bayanan asali ko tarihin rayuwa. Wannan ya samo asali daga labarin 9 GDPR. Hakanan, adireshin imel ɗin ya ƙunshi ƙasa da bayanan jama'a fiye da misali adireshin gida. Zai fi wahala samun ilimin adireshin imel ɗin mutum fiye da adireshin gidansa kuma hakan ya dogara da babban ɓangare akan mai amfani da adireshin imel ɗin ko an sanya adireshin imel ɗin a bainar jama'a. Bayan haka, gano adreshin imel wanda yakamata ya kasance a ɓoye, yana da ƙarancin sakamako fiye da gano adireshin gida wanda yakamata a ɓoye. Zai fi sauƙi a canza adireshin imel fiye da adireshin gida da kuma gano adireshin imel na iya haifar da lambar lamba, yayin gano adireshin gida na iya haifar da hulɗa na sirri. [3]

Gudanar da bayanan sirri

Mun tabbatar da cewa adiresoshin imel suna la'akari da bayanan sirri ne mafi yawan lokaci. Koyaya, GDPR kawai ya shafi kamfanonin da ke keɓance bayanan mutum. Ana aiwatar da bayanan sirri game da kowane aiki dangane da bayanan sirri. Wannan an ƙara ma'anar wannan a cikin GDPR. Dangane da labarin 4 sub 2 GDPR, sarrafa bayanan sirri yana nufin kowane aiki wanda aka yi akan bayanan sirri, ko ta atomatik ko a'a. Misalai sune tarin, rakodi, tsarawa, tsarawa, adanawa da kuma amfani da bayanan sirri. Lokacin da kamfanoni suka yi ayyukan da aka ambata a sama dangane da adiresoshin imel, suna sarrafa bayanan sirri. A wannan yanayin, suna ƙarƙashin GDPR.

Kammalawa

Ba kowane adireshin imel bane ana ɗaukar bayanan sirri ne. Koyaya, ana la'akari da adiresoshin imel ɗin bayanan sirri ne yayin da suke ba da bayani game da mutum na halitta. Yawancin adiresoshin imel an tsara su ta hanyar da za a iya gano asalin mutumin da ke amfani da adireshin imel. Wannan lamari ne lokacin da adireshin imel din ya ƙunshi suna ko wurin aiki na mutum. Saboda haka, yawancin adiresoshin imel za a yi la'akari da bayanan sirri. Zai yi wahala kamfanoni su rarrabe tsakanin adireshin imel waɗanda ake ɗauka su ne bayanan sirri da adiresoshin imel waɗanda ba su da su ba, tunda wannan ya dogara gaba ɗaya akan tsarin adireshin imel ɗin. Don haka, ba shi da haɗari a faɗi cewa kamfanonin da ke aiwatar da bayanan sirri, za su haɗu da adiresoshin imel waɗanda ake ɗauka bayanan sirri ne. Wannan yana nufin cewa waɗannan kamfanonin suna ƙarƙashin GDPR kuma ya kamata su aiwatar da tsarin tsare sirri wanda ya dace da GDPR.

[1] ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2002: AE5514.

[2] Kamerstukken II 1979/80, 25 892, 3 (MvT).

[3] ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2002: AE5514.

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