Hakkin mallaka: yaushe abun cikin jama'a ne?

Dokar mallaki ta ilimi na haɓaka koyaushe kuma yana da girma sosai kwanan nan. Ana iya ganin hakan, tsakanin waɗansu, a dokar haƙƙin mallaka. Yanzu haka, kusan kowa yana Facebook, Twitter ko Instagram ko kuma suna da shafin yanar gizon sa. Don haka mutane kan kirkiro abun cikin da yawa fiye da yadda suka saba yi, wanda ake yawan bugawa a bainar jama'a. Haka kuma, keta hakkin mallaka na faruwa sau da yawa fiye da yadda aka yi a baya, misali saboda ana buga hotuna ba tare da izini daga mai shi ba ko kuma saboda intanet na sauƙaƙa wa masu amfani damar samun damar shiga abubuwan da basu dace ba.

Sanarwa da abun ciki dangane da haƙƙin mallaka ya taka muhimmiyar rawa a cikin hukunce-hukuncen uku na kwanan nan daga Kotun Justiceungiyar Tarayyar Turai. A cikin waɗannan halayen, an tattauna batun 'samar da abun ciki a bainar jama'a'. An fayyace karin bayani, an tattauna ko ayyukan da zasu iya biyo baya suna 'isa jama'a su zama':

  • Ana buga mujallar hyperlink zuwa ba bisa doka ba, hotunan leaked
  • Sayar da playersan wasan watsa labarai waɗanda ke ba da damar yin amfani da abun cikin dijital ba tare da izinin masu riƙe haƙƙoƙin dangane da wannan abun cikin ba
  • Binciken tsarin da zai ba masu amfani damar bi da kuma sauke ayyukan kariya (The Pirate Bay)

'Kasancewa a bayyane' a cewar Kotu, bai kamata a kusata ta a zahiri ba, amma a aikace. A cewar alkalin Turai, nassoshi game da ayyukan kare haƙƙin mallaka da aka adana a wani wuri ana daidaita su, alal misali, samar da DVD da ba shi da izini.[1] A irin waɗannan halayen, ana iya keta dokar haƙƙin mallaka. A cikin dokar hakkin mallaka, sabili da haka muna ganin ci gaban da ya fi mai da hankali kan hanyar da masu sayayya suke samun damar amfani da abun ciki.

Kara karantawa: http://assets.budh.nl/advocatenblad/pdf/ab_10_2017.pdf

[1] Sanoma / GeenStijl: ECLI: EU: C: 2016: 644; BREIN / Filmspeler: ECLI: EU: C: 2017: 300; BREIN / Ziggo & XS4ALL: ECLI: EU: C: 2017: 456.

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